1. Pomeranz JL, Teret SP, Sugarman SD, Rutkow L, Brownell KD. Innovative legal approaches to address obesity. Milbank Q. 2009;87(1):185–213. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

2. US Dept of Agriculture. Agriculture Fact Book (2001–2002). Available at: http://www.usda.gov/factbook/2002factbook.pdf. Accessed February 1, 2013.

3. World Health Organization, Food and Agricultural Organization. Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. 2003. Available at: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/trs/WHO_TRS_916.pdf. Accessed February 1, 2013.

4. Drewnowski A, Darmon N. The economics of obesity: dietary energy density and energy cost. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;82(1 suppl):265S–273S. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

5. Darmon N, Ferguson E, Briend A. Do economic constraints encourage the selection of energy dense diets? Appetite. 2003;41(3):315–322. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

6. Powell LM, Chaloupka FJ. Food prices and obesity: evidence and policy implications for taxes and subsidies. Milbank Q. 2009;87(1):229–257. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

7. Caraher M, Cowburn G. Taxing food: implications for public health nutrition. Public Health Nutr. 2005;8(8):1242–1249. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

8. Kuchler F, Tegene A, Harris JM. Taxing snack foods: manipulating diet quality or financing information programs? Appl Econ Perspect Policy. 2005;27(1):4–20. [Google Scholar]

9. Mytton O, Gray A, Rayner M, Rutter H. Could targeted food taxes improve health? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007;61(8):689–694. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

10. Denmark introduces world’s first food fat tax. BBC News. October 1, 2011. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-15137948. Accessed January 29, 2013.

11. A fat chance: the Danish government rescinds its unwieldy fat tax. Economist. November 17, 2012. Available at: http://www.economist.com/news/europe/21566664-danish-government-rescinds-its-unwieldy-fat-tax-fat-chance. Accessed January 28, 2012.

12. Holt E. Hungary to introduce broad range of fat taxes. Lancet. 2011;378(9793):755. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

13. Villanueva T. European nations launch tax attack on unhealthy foods. CMAJ. 2011;183(17):E1229–E1230. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

14. Cheney C. Battling the couch potatoes: Hungary introduces “fat tax.” Spiegel Online. September 1, 2011. Available at: http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/battling-the-couch-potatoes-hungary-introduces-fat-tax-a-783862.html. Accessed January 29, 2013.

15. Leicester A, Windmeijer F. The “fat tax”: economic incentives to reduce obesity. Institute for Fiscal Studies. 2004. Available at: http://eprints.ucl.ac.uk/14931/1/14931.pdf. Accessed January 15, 2012.

16. Brownell KD, Frieden TR. Ounces of prevention—the public policy case for taxes on sugared beverages. N Engl J Med. 2009;360(18):1805–1808. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

17. Gearhardt AN, Bragg MA, Pearl RL, Schvey NA, Roberto CA, Brownell KD. Obesity and public policy. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2012;8:405–430. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

18. Jou J, Techakehakij W. International application of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxation in obesity reduction: factors that may influence policy effectiveness in country-specific contexts. Health Policy. 2012;107(1):83–90. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

19. American Lung Association. State cigarette excise tax. State of tobacco control. 2012. Available at: http://www.stateoftobaccocontrol.org/state-grades/methodology/state-cigarette-excise-tax.html. Accessed October 18, 2012.

20. Kim D, Kawachi I. Food taxation and pricing strategies to “thin out” the obesity epidemic. Am J Prev Med. 2006;30(5):430–437. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

21. Jacobson MF, Brownell KD. Small taxes on soft drinks and snack foods to promote health. Am J Public Health. 2000;90(6):854–857. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

22. Chouinard HH, Davis DE, LaFrance JT, Perloff JM. Fat taxes: big money for small change. Forum Health Econ Policy. 2007;10(2) [Google Scholar]

23. National Audit Office. Tackling obesity in England. 2001. Available at: http://www.nao.org.uk/publications/0001/tackling_obesity_in_england.aspx. Accessed February 1, 2013.

24. Pomeranz JL. Advanced policy options to regulate sugar-sweetened beverages to support public health. J Public Health Policy. 2012;33(1):75–88. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

25. Cutler DM, Glaeser EL, Shapiro JM. Why have Americans become more obese? National Bureau of Economic Research. 2003. Available at: http://www.cib.espol.edu.ec/Digipath/D_Papers/45741.pdf. Accessed July 13, 2011.

26. Chriqui JF, Eidson SS, Bates H, Kowalczyk S, Chaloupka FJ. State sales tax rates for soft drinks and snacks sold through grocery stores and vending machines, 2007. J Public Health Policy. 2008;29(2):226–249. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

27. Guthrie JF, Frazão E, Andrews M. Improving food choices—can food stamps do more? Economic Research Service, US Dept of Agriculture. 2007. Available at: http://www.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves/April07/PDF/Improving.pdf. Accessed January 13, 2012.

28. Qi Q, Chu AY, Kang JH et al. Sugar-sweetened beverages and genetic risk of obesity. N Engl J Med. 2012;367(15):1387–1396. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

29. Andreyeva T, Chaloupka FJ, Brownell KD. Estimating the potential of taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages to reduce consumption and generate revenue. Prev Med. 2011;52(6):413–416. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

30. Fletcher JM, Frisvold D, Tefft N. Can soft drink taxes reduce population weight? Contemp Econ Policy. 2010;28(1):23–35. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

31. Edwards R. Commentary: soda taxes, obesity, and the shifty behavior of consumers. Prev Med. 2011;52(6):417–418. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

32. Andreyeva T, Long MW, Brownell KD. The impact of food prices on consumption: a systematic review of research on the price elasticity of demand for food. Am J Public Health. 2010;100(2):216–222. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

33. Bowman SA. Diets of individuals based on energy intakes from added sugars. Fam Econ Nutr Rev. 1999;12(2):31–38. [Google Scholar]

34. Finkelstein EA, Trogdon JG, Cohen JW, Dietz W. Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: payer-and service-specific estimates. Health Aff (Millwood) 2009;28(5):w822–w831. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

35. Jochelson K. Nanny or steward? The role of government in public health. Public Health. 2006;120(12):1149–1155. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

36. Griffith R, O’Connell M. Public policy towards food consumption. Fisc Stud. 2010;31(4):481–507. [Google Scholar]

37. Steenhuis IHM, Waterlander WE, de Mul A. Consumer food choices: the role of price and pricing strategies. Public Health Nutr. 2011;14(12):2220–2226. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

38. Volkow ND, Wise RA. How can drug addiction help us understand obesity? Nat Neurosci. 2005;8(5):555–560. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

39. Wang GJ, Volkow ND, Logan J et al. Brain dopamine and obesity. Lancet. 2001;357(9253):354–357. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

40. Yaniv G, Rosin O, Tobol Y. Junk-food, home cooking, physical activity and obesity: the effect of the fat tax and the thin subsidy. J Public Econ. 2009;93(5–6):823–830. [Google Scholar]

41. Epstein LH, Dearing KK, Paluch RA, Roemmich JN, Cho D. Price and maternal obesity influence purchasing of low- and high-energy-dense foods. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007;86(4):914–922. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

42. Sturm R, Datar A. Food prices and weight gain during elementary school: 5-year update. Public Health. 2008;122(11):1140–1143. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

43. Ross H, Blecher E, Yan L, Hyland A. Do cigarette prices motivate smokers to quit? New evidence from the ITC survey. Addiction. 2011;106(3):609–619. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

44. Hu TW, Sung HY, Keeler TE. Reducing cigarette consumption in California: tobacco taxes vs an anti-smoking media campaign. Am J Public Health. 1995;85(9):1218–1222. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

45. Rivard C, Smith D, McCann SE, Hyland A. Taxing sugar-sweetened beverages: a survey of knowledge, attitudes and behaviours. Public Health Nutr. 2012;15(8):1355–1361. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

46. Gordon-Larsen P, Guilkey DK, Popkin BM. An economic analysis of community-level fast food prices and individual-level fast food intake: a longitudinal study. Health Place. 2011;17(6):1235–1241. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

47. Mhurchu CN. Food costs and healthful diets the need for solution-oriented research and policies. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92(5):1007–1008. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

48. Mytton OT, Clarke D, Rayner M. Taxing unhealthy food and drinks to improve health. BMJ. 2012;344 e2931. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *